How does music affect anxiety?
The open-access journal PLOS ONE by Adiel Mallik and Frank Russo of the Ryerson University, Canada have shown how treatments integrating music and auditory beat stimulation have been significantly effective in reducing state anxiety in some patients. Various researches and studies have shown evidence.
Anxiety and other mental health problems has been steadily increasing, particularly in the adolescent and young adult populations, over recent decades. Studies have previously shown that listening to music can reduce anxiety, and sometimes have even more effectively than some anti-anxiety medications. However, quantitative data on the effects of personalized music on anxiety has been lacking.
In the new study, that studied 163 patients at random taking anti-anxiety medications to participate in an at-home treatment session involving music, auditory beat stimulation, both, or pink noise background sounds similar to white noise. The patients were exposed to music selected for each patient using LUCID’s artificial intelligence that curates music based on the patient’s emotional state and music preferences.
Auditory beat stimulation involves a combinations of tones, played in one or both ears, designed to trigger changes to brain activity. In all groups, the said patients were asked to download a customized application on their smart phone for the treatment, close their eyes, and listen to a 24-minute session.
Why does music help anxiety?
Studies have indicated that among people with moderate anxiety before the treatment session, greater reductions in somatic anxiety the physical symptoms of anxiety were seen in people who listened to both music and ABS, or those who listened to music alone, compared to those who listened to pink noise. The greatest reductions in cognitive state anxiety the aspect of anxiety related to thoughts and feelings were also seen in moderate trait anxiety participants who listened to both music and ABS. Among people with high trait anxiety before the session, the music-alone group had significantly higher reductions in anxiety compared to the ABS-alone group.
The study conclude that sound-based and music based treatments can be effective in reducing state anxiety and potentially offer a simple and easily distributable method of treating anxiety in a segment of the population.
Drs. Russo and Malik add: “With the pandemic and remote work, there has been a remarkable uptick in the use of digital health tools to support mental health. The results of this clinical trial indicate great promise for the use of digital health tools, such as LUCID’s digital music therapy, in the management of anxiety and other mental health conditions.”
The findings from this research are inspiring as they indicate that personalized music shows great promise in effectively reducing anxiety in specific segments of the population that suffer from anxiety. Hopefully, with additional research, a more evidence will be available which further supports and encourages the use of personalized music as an additional tool in the medical professional’s list of available treatment options that can be used to help reduce anxiety in the patient population.
Read more on how music helps you meditate better
Read how music helps Autism.
Materials provided by PLOS. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
- Adiel Mallik, Frank A. Russo. The effects of music & auditory beat stimulation on anxiety: A randomized clinical trial. PLOS ONE, 2022; 17 (3): e0259312 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0259312
PLOS. “Music combined with auditory beat stimulation may reduce anxiety for some: Combined treatments appear to help people with moderate trait anxiety better than music alone.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 March 2022. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/03/220309140921.htm>.